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Explore Ancient Palairos

Visit the castle of Kechropoula, which includes the remains of the reinforced fortification and a well-preserved gate to this ancient Acarnanian city

Ancient Paleros, steeped in the annals of history, stands as a testament to the enduring legacy of civilizations that have graced the shores of the Ionian Sea. Situated near the modern town of Paleros in western Greece, this archaeological site invites visitors to step back in time and explore the remnants of a once-thriving ancient city.

The existence of the city is documented at least from the 6th century B.C and it is first mentioned by Thucydides, when in 431 B.C., the Athenians seized the Corithian town of Sollion and gave it to Palairos.

The city became more known in the 3rd century B.C. as after Anthony and Cleopatra were defeated in a sea battle by Octavius at nearby Aktion. Octavius then built the city of Nikopolis to commemorate his victory and moved the population of Paleros to his new city in 31 B.C.

The circuit wall of the city is one of the finest examples of the Akarnanian art of fortification and much of it is still standing. It has a total length of some 2km, it encloses the core of the ancient city and ends at the top of the hill, the acropolis, where two cisterns are preserved, one large and one small. The city extends also outside the walls toward the S, where a great number of ancient buildings are visible.

Founded in the 7th century BCE, Ancient Paleros flourished as a significant center of trade, culture, and maritime activity. Its strategic coastal location facilitated connections with neighboring regions, contributing to its prosperity. The city’s ruins, now an archaeological treasure trove, bear witness to the passage of time and the impact of various civilizations, including the ancient Greeks, Romans, and Byzantines.

For history enthusiasts, archaeologists, and curious travelers alike, Ancient Paleros unfolds a captivating narrative of antiquity, allowing for a profound connection with the past and the rich tapestry of Greece’s cultural heritage.

The north-arched gate of Palairos is one of the best examples of the gates of ancient Greece in existence. It is some 2.90 m. wide, 3.30 m. high, 620 m. long and it is placed at an angle to the course of the wall, deviating toward the SE. The clearing of the gate in 2006, brought to light the floor and the impressive threshold,preserving the channels made by the wheels of the chariots that entered there.

The logo of Paleros Bay was inspired by this historic gate.