History of the Area

Ancient Paleros is a place of unrivalled beauty and grace, situated high in the mountains over looking the Ionian sea and the Vourkaria lake.

The ancient city is situated at the northwest end of Akarnania, opposite Leukas, on a rocky height known as Kechropoula, quite close to the modern town.

The location, which commands the entire plain and the lake of Voulkaria, was of great strategic importance in antiquity, since it was near the Corinthian colonies of Leukas,Sollion and Anaktorion.

The existence of the city is documented at least from the 6th century B.C and it is first mentioned by Thucydides, when in 431B.C, the Athenians seized the Corithian town of Sollion and gave it to Palairos.

The city became more known in the 3rd century B.C as, after Anthony and Cleopatra were defeated in a sea battle by Octavius at nearby Aktion. Octavius then built the city of Nikopolis to commemorate his victory and moved the population of Paleros to his new city in 31 B.C.

The circuit wall of the city is one of the finest examples of the Akarnanian art of fortification and much of it is still standing. It has a total length of some 2km,, it encloses the core of the ancient city and ends at the top of the hill, the acropolis, where two cisterns are preserved, one large and one small. The city extends also outside the walls toward the S, where a great number of ancient buildings are visible.

The North West arched gate of Palairos is one of the best examples of the gates of ancient Greece in existence. It is some 2.90 m. wide, 3.30 m. high, 620 m. long and it is placed at an angle to the course of the wall, deviating toward the SE. The clearing of the gate in 2006, brought to light the floor and the impressive threshold, preserving the channels made by the wheels of the chariots that entered there.

The logo of Paleros bay was inspired by this historic gate.